Friday, 19 June 2009

Thinking that you're blushing makes you blush even more

In what sounds like a rather unpleasant experience, participants who were given false feedback that they were blushing, subsequently blushed more and anticipated being negatively judged by the people they were conversing with. The finding could help explain why some shy people fall into a vicious circle of fearing blushing, feeling that they are blushing more than they are, and ultimately fearing social situations because of it.

Corine Dijk and colleagues recruited one hundred undergrads who'd been selected from a larger pool based on their scores on a blushing questionnaire: 50 of them were highly fearful of blushing whereas the other 50 had little or no fear of blushing.

The participants' task was to make conversation for five minutes with two strangers. Throughout, the participants were wired up to physiological measures of their facial skin temperature and colour. Crucially, half of them were given feedback, via a vibrating device on their finger, about how much they were blushing. They thought the feedback was accurate, but really it was fixed in advance. The research assistants didn't know which students were in which condition.

The main findings were that giving the participants false feedback that they were blushing actually caused them to blush more, and led them to think they'd be more negatively rated by the students they had to make conversation with. This was true for both groups of participants - those scared of blushing and those not fearful of blushing.

However, there was an important distinction between the two participant groups: the blushing-phobic participants overestimated how much they were blushing far more than the non-phobic participants. This could help explain why blushing phobics are more likely to find themselves caught in an uncomfortable cycle of self-consciousness and negative social expectations.

A surprise finding was that participants given false blushing feedback were rated by the research assistants as less likeable than the control participants, although these negative ratings were not as bad as the participants thought they would be.

The researchers said their findings had a number of clinical implications. First of all, it might help to educate people that blushing doesn't lead to evaluations that are as bad as they think they will be. Secondly, the finding that the phobic and non-phobic participants given false blush feedback were rated poorly by the research assistants suggests that (blush phobic or not) the awareness that we're blushing can lead us to behave awkwardly, perhaps because we become overly self-conscious. 'Accordingly, blushing-fearfuls may be helped with training that aims to continue normal behaviour while blushing,' the researchers said.

ResearchBlogging.orgDijk, C., Voncken, M., & de Jong, P. (2009). I blush, therefore I will be judged negatively: influence of false blush feedback on anticipated others’ judgments and facial coloration in high and low blushing-fearfuls. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47 (7), 541-547 DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.03.005

Post written by Christian Jarrett (@psych_writer) for the BPS Research Digest.


Ariel said...

I see, I would have to agree that when you think that you are blushing then the body responded to it with the actual blushing experience - the same would be true with other body activities such as urinating, etc.

Trixxie said...

I agree.
I think, knowing that the brain controls most of the processes in our body, it is no wonder that these activities that involve "feelings" like blushing and urinating started pretty much from thinking about them.

Unknown said...

These people have became really blushed since they read your article and they know you wrote in out.I think there is no way to be that specific,sometimes even if you're not that shy you could tend to blush just a little when someone is new and creates a great impact in your life of some way,it doesn't have to be like emotional,maybe the excitement of the unknowed brings you a great level of stamina.I'm very sure you're the kind of guy who would get erally blushed if a girl would be staring at you for a long time.The temperature increases and you could get the cold feet or hands feelings,uncomfortable.

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